e-ISSN: 2671-3659
p-ISSN: 2671-3675
Founded: 2021
Period: Biannually
Publisher: Balkan Studies Foundation

Writing Rules

Fundamental Publishing Guidelines and Principles

  1. Journal of Balkan Studies publishes only research articles. Translations, book reviews, etc. are not considered for review.
  2. The journal is available online at balkanjournal.org
  3. The language of the journal is English. Articles in Turkish, Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, are also welcome. Articles written in non-English must include a 1500-2000 word "extended abstract" in English.
  4. Articles submitted should be relevant for the journal's aims and subject matter.
  5. Research papers that are original, unpublished, not currently under review by another journal, and whose content and submission have been agreed by all authors, are accepted for review.
  6. The articles that are to be submitted to the journal should have a word count between 4000 and 10,000. Submissions that fall outside the defined range will be rejected.
  7. The papers must have a 250–350 word abstract in both English and Turkish, Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, as well as 5–8 keywords that are separate from the main text.
  8. Works by authors who do not hold a Ph.D. are not considered for publication. The same applies to the studies with many authors.
  9. Papers created using the "slicing method" from dissertations and papers having a strong resemblance to the authors' dissertations are not considered for review. With the Editorial Board's approval, however, original publications created from doctorate dissertations might be considered for review.
  10. Every article that is considered for publication goes through a "double blind peer review" procedure. Those who take part in the refereeing procedure are compensated.
  11. The resolution of any images, drawings, maps, or documents that are added to the papers must be at least 300 dpi. These formats include JPG and TIFF. It is the authors' obligation to secure copyright authorization for these.
  12. The journal abides with national and international norms of research and publication ethics. It complies with Directive on Scientific Research and Publication Ethics. Additionally, it adopted the International Code of Ethics published by the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
  13. Articles submitted to the journal are checked for plagiarism using the Intihal software to prevent ethical violations. The editor examines the similarity report to determine whether the "citation-quotation discrepancy" has been noted by the software. The text is returned to the author(s) if any unethical or inappropriate situations are found therein.
  14. In order to maximize the visibility of the published papers, a DOI is assigned to each one.
  15. Within four weeks of the date of publication, at the latest, the "rich metadata" of each published issue is uploaded to national and international academic data platforms.

Writing Guide

  • Times New Roman font should be used when writing papers in an A4-sized application compatible with Microsoft Word.
  • The title should be in lower case, regular (normal) font size, and 14 points. The title must be in the center. The text may use both primary and secondary headings. Subheadings in the text should be in 12 pt, bold (bolt), lower case, and left aligned, with the main headings in the same font and style. There should be a 6-point space between paragraphs and headings.
  • The author's name and last name should be typed in lower case, 12 point regular (normal), and center aligned following the main title, which should be spaced out by 12 points. The (*) sign in 10-point font should be used at the bottom of the page to indicate the title, university, mail adress and ORCID information.
  • The font size for the text should be 12 and it should be justified. There should be a 2.5 cm space left at the top, bottom, right, and left. Line spacing must be 12 pt. full spacing. There shouldn't be any paragraph indentation and paragraph spacing should be 6 points. (Line spacing for images and appendices in the text should be multiple, 1.5 pt.)
  • Header-Footer: The author's name and last name should be printed on double pages in the header section rather than on the article's initial page, and the article's meaningfully shortened version should be written in lower case, 12 point, on a single page. (During the applications to be made through the Publication Tracking System, it should be remembered that the articles submitted to the system - in Microsoft Word format - should not have the author's name in the header area).
  • References: The sources and studies cited in the articles should be listed below the conclusion section of the article. References must be written in 10.5-point font size and should begin on a separate page beneath this heading. Only the references mentioned in the text should be listed, and they should be arranged alphabetically by the writers' last names.

Preparation of a Paper

Language: The language of the journal is English. Articles in Turkish, Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, are also welcome. Articles written in non-English must include a 1500-2000 word "extended abstract" in English.

Article Types: Journal of Balkan Studies publishes only research articles. Translations, book reviews, etc. are not considered for review.

Article File Format: Microsoft Word.

Images, Drawings, Maps or Documents: At least 300 dpi in formats such as PDF, JPG, TIFF.

Citation Style: The following section includes citation guidelines and several examples.

Author Change: Only processed before the manuscript is accepted. Authors are required to carefully review the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the final author list at the time of original submission.

Article Submission

By registering on the website balkanjournal.org, authors can submit their papers that have been prepared in accordance with the writing guidelines through the Publication Tracking System. The copies that will be uploaded to the system (in Microsoft Word) should be carefully checked to make sure that the authors' names are not included.

During submission, the following commitment is received from the author electronically:

  1. I am authorised/authorised by the co-authors to submit this work to your journal.
  2. The manuscript is original, has not been formally published in another peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration by another journal, and does not violate any existing copyright or other third-party rights.
  3. I/we agree that if the article is accepted for editorial publication, it will be licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence.
  4. The copyright and intellectual property rights of the author(s) or, if applicable, the author(s)' employer are reserved. The author(s) undertake(s) that the publisher is not responsible for any claims or lawsuits to be filed by third parties due to copyright infringement, and that they bear full responsibility.
  5. The author(s) undertake(s) that there are no criminal offences or illegal expressions in the article, and that no illegal materials and methods were used during the research.

Writing Style Guide

  • The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to submission. Please consult this Notes for Authors for further details of any item and ensure that the following items are present:
  • In the first page, the full name and affiliation of all author(s)
  • If article is written by two or more authors one author should be defined as corresponding author. In the first page, name, mailing address, work/mobile phone numbers, and e-mail address(es) of corresponding author.
  • In the article in (Turkish, Albanian, Macedonian, Bosnian and Serbian)
    • An abstract between 150 and 250 words and 5-8 keywords in writing language (Turkish, Albanian, Macedonian, Bosnian and Serbian) and a title
    • An abstract between 150 and 250 words and 5-8 keywords in English.
    • Extended summary in English between 1500 and 2000 words. This extended summary should include the title in English, sub-topics of the article, and all references (This section may be submitted after acceptance).
  • In the article in English
    • An abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in English.
    • An abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in Turkish and a title. If the author does not know Turkish, this part will be translated by JBS.
    • All figure captions; all figures supplied as a separate file in suitable formats (.jpg, .pdf or .png), printable resolution and proper size.
    • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
    • Manuscript has been spell-checked and grammar-checked
    • References are in the correct format (APA 7th edition)
    • All references mentioned in the text are listed in the bibliography and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)

Journal Articles

Printed journal article: 1 author

Citation in the text: (Barışan, 2012: 43)

Citation in Bibliography: Barışan, C. (2012). Modernite Tartışmalarına Alternatif Bir Yaklaşım:Modern Aklın Eleştirisi ve Geleneksel Düşünce. İnsan ve Toplum, 2(4), 35-56.

Printed journal article: 2 author

Citation in the text: (Egün ve Akal, 2006: 16)

Citation in Bibliography: Ergün, R. ve Akal, B. Y. (2006). Kimlik Bedenin Hapisanesidir. Doğu Batı Düşünce Dergisi, 38, 11-19

Books and eBooks

Book: One author

Citation in the text: (Atçıl, 2019: 69]

Citation in Bibliography: Atçıl. A (2019). Erken Modern Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda Alimler ve Sultanlar, İstanbul: Klasik Yayınları.

Book: With two authors

Citation in the text: (Page ve Stritzke, 2015: 88)

Citation in Bibliography: Page, A. C. ve Stritzke, W. G. K. (2015). Clinical psychology for trainees: Foundations of science-informed practice (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Book: No author

Citation in the text: (The Australian Oxford dictionary, 1999: 50)

Citation in Bibliography: The Australian Oxford dictionary (3rd ed.). (1999). Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Book: Single Editor

Citation in the text: (Kenan, 2010: 189)

Citation in Bibliography: Kenan S. (Ed.). (2010). Osmanlılar ve Avrupa: Seyahat, Karşılaştırma ve Etkileşim, İstanbul: İSAM Yayınları.

Book: with 2 or more editors

Citation in the text: (Kardaş ve Balcı, 2014: 47)

Citation in Bibliography: Kardaş, Ş. ve Balcı, A. (Ed.). (2014). Uluslararası İlişkilere Giriş, İstanbul: Küre Yayınları.

Book: Author is istitution

Citation in the text: (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2000: 92)

Citation in Bibliography: Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2000). Population by age and sex, New South Wales, 30 June 2000 (ABS Cat. no. 3235.1). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Author.

Book: Chapter in the edited book

Citation in the text: (Groundwater-Smith, 2007: 135)]

Citation in Bibliography: Groundwater-Smith, S. (2007). As rain is to fields, so good teachers are to students. S. Knipe (Ed.), Middle years schooling: Reframing adolescence within (151-170. ss.). Frenchs Forest, N.S.W: Pearson Education Australia.

Book: Translation

Citation in the text: (Pickthall, 2011: 39)

Citation in Bibliography: Pickthall, M.M. (1996). İslam Medeniyetinin Dinamikleri (Çev. Yusuf Kaplan), İstanbul: Külliyat Yayınları. (Orginal public year, 1928)

eBook: All Book

Citation in the text: (Chisum, 2006: 77)

Citation in Bibliography: Chisum, W. J. (2006). Crime reconstruction [Adobe Digital Editions]. Access address: Ebook Library.

Book Chapter Printed Book section

Citation in the text: (Kaygusuz, 2014: 36)

Citation in Bibliography: Kaygusuz, Ö. (2014). Egemenlik ve Vestfalyan Düzen, E.Balta(Ed.), Küresel Siyasete Giriş:Uluslararası İlişkilerde Kavramlar, Teoriler, Süreçler içinde (25-50. ss.). İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.

Dictionary/Articles of Encyclopedia

Article of Reference Book

Citation in the text: (Keyormarsi, O’Leary ve Pardee, 2007: 200)

Citation in Bibliography: Keyormarsi, K., O’Leary, N. ve Pardee, A. B. (2007). Cell division. McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technology within (9. ed., V3, 618-621. ss.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Article of Referance Book

Citation in the text: (Keyormarsi, O’Leary & Pardee, 2014: 200)]

Citation in Bibliography: Pegrum, M. (2009). Keyormarsi, K., & Pardee, A. B. (2014). Cell division.McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technologyiçinde. Access address:AccessScience.

Web Sources

Web Page

Citation in the text: (İbn Haldun Üniversitesi, 2017)

Citation in Bibliography: İbn Haldun Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi. (2017). Yazar rehberi. Access address: https://journal.ihu.edu.tr/index.php/ihu1/about/submissions

Web Page: Writer Unknown

Citation in the text: (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010)]

Citation in Bibliography: All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, 13 Ekim). Access address: https://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations

Web Page: History Unknown

Citation in the text: (Şentürk, t.y.)

Citation in Bibliography: Şentük, R. (t.y.). Rektörün Mesajı. Access address: https://www.ihu.edu.tr/hakkimizda/rektorun-mesaji

Web Page: History and writer unknown: Quotation

Citation in the text: (“Heuristic,” t.y., par. 1) Numaralı değilse paragrafları sayın

Citiation in Bibliography: Heuristic. (t.y.). Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.) within. Access address: https://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

Press Release

Citation in the text: (TÜİK, 2016)

Citation in Bibliography: TÜİK (2016, Kasım). İşgücü İstatistikleri [Basın bülteni]. Access address:https://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24624


Citation in the text: (Çelik, 2011)

Citation in Bibliography: Çelik, S. (2011, 21 Aralık). Dergilerin indekslenmesi ve etki faktörü (impact factor). [Web günlük postası] Access address:https://www.sonmezcelik.net/2011/12/dergilerin-indekslenmesi-ve-etki.html


Citation in the text: (Sports psychology, t.y.)

Citation in Bibliography: Sports psychology. (t.y.). The psychology wiki içinde. 2 Aralık 2008 tarihinde https://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/ Sports_psychology adresinden erişildi.


Unpublished thesis

Citation in the text: (Abdula, 150: 2013)

Citation in Bibliography: Abdula, S. (2013). Din ve Milliyetçilik: Sırp Ortodoks Kilisesi ve Sırp Milliyetçiliği Örneği. (Unpublished PhD thesis). İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul

Electronic thesis: Archived in the electronic database

Citation in the text: (Rich, 1989: 55)

Citation in Bibliography: Rich, P. D. (1989). The rule of ritual in the Arabian Gulf, 1858-1947: The influence of English public schools (Phd thesis). Access address: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses – UK & Ireland. (AAT 8918197)

Electronic thesis: Archived in the corporate database

Citation in the text: (Bilir, 2014: 43)

Citation in Bibliography: Bilir, C. (2014). Supply chain network optimization model incorporating competitive facility location problems. (Phd thesis, Dogus Üniversitesi, İstanbul). Access address https://hdl.handle.net/11376/1039

Conference Papers

Declarations of the printed conference book

Citation in the text: (Game, 2001: 350)

Citation in Bibliography: Game, A. (2001). Creative ways of being. J. R. Morss, N. Stephenson ve J. F. H. V. Rappard (Ed.), Theoretical issues in psychology: Proceedings of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology 1999 Conference içinde (3-12. ss.). Sydney: Springer.

Declarations of the printed conference book: Editor unknown

Citation in the text: (Todorova, 2013: 3)

Citation in Bibliography: Maria Todorova, (1998) Bulgar Tarihyazıcılığında Osmanlı Dönemi, Tarih Eğitimi ve Tarihte “Öteki Sorunu” , II. Uluslararası Tarih Kongresi içinde (37-45. ss.). Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.

Declarations of the electronic conference book: Electronic database

Citation in the text: (Balakrishnan, 2006)

Citation in Bibliography: Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March). Why aren’t we using 3D user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/vr.2006.148

Unpublished conference declaration

Citation in the text: (Santhanam, Martin, Goody ve Hicks, 2001: 259)

Citation in Bibliography: Santhanam, E., Martin, K., Goody, A. ve Hicks, O. (2001). Bottom-up steps towards closing the loop in feedback on teaching: A CUTSD project. Paper presented at Teaching and Learning Forum – Expanding horizons in teaching and learning, Perth, Australia, 7-9 February 2001.


Public reports

Citation in the text: (Akbaytürk ve diğerleri, 2014: 40)

Citation in Bibliography: Akbaytürk Çanak, T., Çelik, S., Çetinkaya, İ., Çukadar, S., Güneş, G., Gürdal, G. … Kaygusuz, A. (2014). 2023’e doğru Türkiye’de üniversite kütüphaneleri: Mevcut durum, sorunlar, standartlar ve çözüm önerileri. Ankara: Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Erişim adresi https://yok.gov.tr/web/ukr

Citation in the text: (Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu [TÜİK], 2012: 67);

Citation in Bibliography: Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. (2012). Faaliyet raporu: 2011 mali yılı. Access address: https://www.tuik.gov.tr/jsp/duyuru/upload/FR-2011.pdf Citiation in Bibliography: Hornak, P. (1996). Resonator for magnetic resonance imaging of the ankle. U.S. Patent No. 5,641,424.7.

Official Newspaper

Resmi Gazete

Citation in the text: Yedinci Beş Yıllık …, 1999)

Citation in Bibliography: Yedinci Beş Yıllık Kalkınma Planı 1996-2000. (1995). T.C. Resmi Gazete (22354, 25 Temmuz 1995).


abr. abridged by
b. born
ca. about, approximately
cf. compare
chap. /chaps chapter/chapters
comp. compiler/compiled by
d. died
diss. dissertation
ed. edited by/edition/editor
eds editors
et al. and others
fn. footnote
n.d. no date
no. number/issue
n.p. no place/no publisher
p./pp. page/pages
par. paragraph
pt. part
rev. ed. revised edition
sec. section
trans. translated by
vol. volume

Source Display Style

Articles should be prepared according to APA (American Psychological Association) Style 7th Edition Citation System.